for the Hela Huli People and the Tari Region

by Dr. Chris Ballard, Australian National University

Conventions and Abbreviations

Items prefixed by an asterisk () have not been viewed by me and the accuracy of the reference or the relevance to Huli people or the Tari region cannot therefore be guaranteed. Where they are known, full Christian names are given for authors, even where they do not appear as such in the original reference. References to papers in edited volumes or collections that are listed elsewhere in this bibliography refer to the editor’s name for the full volume reference; a paper in a volume edited by Aletta Biersack will thus be listed as “In Aletta Biersack (ed.)”, and the full reference to the volume will appear under “Biersack, Aletta (ed.)”.

The following conventions and abbreviations have been used:

Ms. – Unpublished manuscript (handwritten).

Ts. – Unpublished typescript (typed).

AFTSEMU – Agricultural Field Trials, Studies, Extension and Monitoring Unit, Mendi.

ANU – Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

APC – Australasian Petroleum Company, Melbourne.

APCM – Asia Pacific Christian Mission, Tari (later the Evangelical Church of Papua New Guinea).

CSIRO – Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organistaion, Canberra, Australia.

ECPNG – Evangelical Church of Papua New Guinea, Tari (formerly the Unevangelised Fields Mission, the Asia Pacific Christian Mission (APCM), and the Evangelical Church of Papua).

ERU – Education Research Unit, University of Papua New Guinea, Waigani.

IASER – Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research, Boroko.

IPNGS – Institute of Papua New Guinea Studies, Boroko (now Division of Cultural Studies, National Research Institute).

NPPNGH – New Perspectives on the Papua New Guinea Highlands: an interdisciplinary conference on the Duna, Huli and Ipili peoples. Held at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, in August 1991.

NRI – National Research Institute, Port Moresby.

PNGIMR – Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka.

PNGNA – Papua New Guinea National Archives, Waigani.

SHARC – Southern Highlands Archive and Resource Centre, Mendi.

SHMA – Southern Highlands Management Authority, Mendi.

SHRDP – Southern Highlands Rural Development Project, Mendi.

TRU – Tari Research Unit of the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Tari.

UPNG – University of Papua New Guinea, Waigani.


Natsuhara, Kazumi, Tsukasa Inaoka, Masahiro Umezaki, Taro Yamauchi, Tetsuro Hongo, Megumi Nagano and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2000. ‘Cardiovascular risk factors of migrants in Port Moresby from the Highlands and Island villages, Papua New Guinea.’ American Journal of Human Biology 12: 655-664.

            Highlands sample consists of migrants from Tari, identifying specific cardiovascular disease risk factors for Huli migrants to Port Moresby.

Nelson, Hank 1982. Taim Bilong Masta: the Australian involvement with Papua New Guinea. Sydney: Australian Broadcasting Commission.

            Mentions Claude Champion’s patrol through the Tari Valley (p.121).

Neumann, M.A., D.Carleton Gajdusek and Vincent Zigas 1964. ‘Neuropathologic findings in exotic neurologic disorders among natives of the Highlands of New Guinea.’ Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 23(3):486-507.

            Includes a case study of encephalomyelitis in an individual from the Upper Tagali River (pp.498ff.).

Newell, Paul L. 1989. Huli Oral Health: the epidemiology and anthropology of oral health of the Huli people of the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Unpublished Master of Public Health thesis, University of Sydney. Held TRU.

            A dental ethnography of the Huli, based on fieldwork between March and August of 1985.

Nile, Richard and Christian Clerk 1995. Cultural Atlas of Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific. Abingdon: Andromeda Oxford.

            Photos of Huli men preparing for a mali (pp.86-87) and of a supermarket in Tari (p.224).

Nilles, Don and M.Webb 1987. Papua New Guinea Music Collection. Boroko: IPNGS.

            Catalogues the mali, gulupobe, gawa and dawanda u Huli musical forms (pp.75-76).

Norman, Alf 1977. ‘S.O.S. from Mananda.’ Light and Life October 1977:11.

            Described the fight waged by the ECPNG against the granting of liquor licenses in the Komo area.

Norman, Alf and Wilma 1982. Dabu Bulene Te. Tari: ECPNG.

            A ‘Family Life’ guide in Huli.


O’Hara, Greg 1980. Board of Governor’s Operations: six Highlands case studies. ERU Research Report No.32. Port Moresby: ERU.

            Discussion includes Tari High School.

Ollier, Cliff D. and D.E.Mackenzie 1974. ‘Subaerial erosion of volcanic cones in the tropics.’ The Journal of Tropical Geography 39:63-71.

            Describes erosional processes at Mt Sisa (Haliago), Doma Peaks (Ambua) and Mt Kerewa (Gereba).

Osborne, N.A. and W.D.Chawner 1938. Aeroplane Reconnaissance of the Uncontrolled Territory, Papua. Unpublished report, Island Exploration Company Pty.Ltd.. February 1938. Held British Petroleum, Melbourne.

            Describes and maps the route of an APC petroleum exploration flight on 5 February 1938 over the E Mama, Lebani, Hanimu and Lower Tagali valleys.

Osborne, Patrick L. 1988. Bibliography of Freshwater Ecology in Papua New Guinea. Biology Department Occasional Paper 9, UPNG.

            Photographs of Lake Wololo (Waralo) and Lake Wongabi and synoptic discussion of Chambers (1987) and Chambers et al. (1987).


Pacific Islands Monthly 1966. ‘The face of primitive New Guinea.’ Pacific Islands Monthly January 1966, 37(1):117-119.

            A photoessay, consisting of various photos by Jim Sinclair of un-identified Huli, Duna and Ipili.

Pacific Islands Monthly 1967. ‘It’s a diprotodon, they think.’ Pacific Islands Monthly October 1967, 38(10):34-35.

            Reports the discovery of megafauna at Pureni.

Pain, Colin F. and Russell J. Blong 1979. ‘The distribution of tephras in the Papua New Guinea Highlands.’ Search 10(6):228-230.

            Notes tephra observations at Komo, Tari, Doma Peaks and Margarima.

Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research 1993. Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research Jubilee International Colloquium, Madang Resort Hotel, Madang, 17-20 August 1993, Program and Abstracts. Madang: Kristen Press.

Paulzen, Herbert 1993. De gouden schubben van de slang. Een ontdekkingsreis door Papoea Nieuw-Guinea. ‘s-Gravenhage: Uitgeverij BZZToH.

            Describes the author’s visit to Tari in 1992, and the aftermath of the Mt.Kare goldrush (pp.133-187); includes numerous colour photographs of Huli people.

Perry, Rayden A. 1965a. ‘Summary description of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.10-15.

            General review of climate, soils, land use and population of the Wabag-Tari area.

Perry, Rayden A. 1965b. ‘Outline of the geology and geomorphology of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.70-84.

            Describes the different geological units, the relief features and the relationship between land systems, geology and environment.

Perry, Rayden A., M.J.Bik, Herman A.Haantjens, John R.McAlpine, R.Pullen, R.G.Robbins and G.K.Rutherford 1965. ‘Land systems of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.16-55.

            Defines and describes 39 land systems for the Wabag-Tari area.

Perry, Rayden A., M.J.Bik, E.A.Fitzpatrick, Herman A.Haantjens, John R. McAlpine, R.Pullen, R.G.Robbins, G.K.Rutherford, and J.C.Saunders 1965. General Report on Lands of the Wabag-Tari Area, Territory of Papua New Guinea, 1960-61. CSIRO Land Research Series No.15. Melbourne: CSIRO.

Peters, Bronwyn 1975. Huli Music: its cultural context, musical instruments and gúlupobe music. Unpublished B.A.(Hons.) thesis, Department of Music, Monash University. Held NRI.

            A description of musical forms and instruments based on field research in the Tani-Walete area.

Peters, W., S.H.Christian and J.L.Jameson 1958. ‘Malaria in the highlands of Papua and New Guinea.’ The Medical Journal of Australia 1958(2):409-416.

            Includes survey data from Tari in a discussion of malaria distribution and epidemiology.

Pethybridge, Marjorie 1970. From Fear to Freedom: the transformation of Duna-Land. London: Lakeland.

            Contains numerous references to contact with Huli people.

Philips, Susan U. 1987. Review of L.R.Goldman (1983). American Anthropologist 89(1):189-190.

Piawe, Edward 1976. ‘Sorcery.’ In Barry Ison (ed.) 1976. Pukari: voices of Papua New Guinea. San Diego: Tofua Press, pp.72-73. [Fiction by Huli author, set in Huli community]

Pickering, Helen 1985. ‘The Tari Research Unit in 1985/6.’ Ts. 6pp.. Held TRU.

            A review of work in progress and proposed at the TRU.

Pickering, Helen 1987. Tari Walks of Adventure and Discovery. Tari: Evangelical Printers. Held TRU.

            Candid descriptions and maps of walks in and around the Tari area.

Pickering, Helen n.d. ‘Natural imagery and Huli medicine.’ Ts. 13pp.. Held TRU.

            A description of Huli perspectives on anatomy, disease and cure.

Pickering, Helen, Patricia H.David and Allan G.Hill 1989. ‘Continuous monitoring of child mortality from clinic records.’ Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92:71-74.

            A review and evaluation of childhood mortality procedures at the TRU.

Pickering, Helen and Gilbert Rose 1988. ‘Nasal and hand carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children and mothers in the Tari Basin of Papua New Guinea.’ Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 82:911-913.

P.J.V. Ipili Wai Pii 1994. ‘Tari Education Resource Centre.’ P.J.V. Ipili Wai Pii May 1994, 44:3.

            Announces construction of the centre with funds from Porgera, Hides and Kutubu.

Plane, Michael D. 1991. ‘Musings on New Guinea fossil vertebrate discoveries.’ In Patricia Vickers-Rich, J.M.Monaghan, Robert F.Baird and Thomas H.Rich (eds.) Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australasia. Melbourne: Pioneer Design Studio, pp.85-109.

            Discusses Pureni megafaunal finds.

Plath, Dietmar and Gunter Hartung 1992. Land of the Hulis. Port Moresby: Air Niugini.

            Photographic essay on Tari area and Huli culture.

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1974. ‘Traditional legumes of the New Guinea Highlands.’ Science in New Guinea 2(1):48-63.

            Includes observations on kudzu (Pueraria lobata) and traditional bean species at Tari.

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1976a. ‘Some useful wild and domesticated plants of the Huli of Papua.’ Science in New Guinea 4(3):173-201.

            Ethnobotanical study of available plant species in the Tari area, and of the uses to which the Huli put them.

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1976b. ‘Ethnobotany.’ In K.Paijmans (ed.) New Guinea Vegetation. Canberra: CSIRO in association with the ANU Press, pp.106-183.

            Includes data and illustrations fom Tari and Pureni.

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1980. ‘Studies of New Guinea vegetation history.’ Proceedings of the IVth International Palynological Conference, Lucknow (1976-77) 3:11-20.

            Refers to the Telabo palynological coring site in Haeapugua Swamp (p.16).

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1982. ‘Traditional management and conservation of vegatation in Papua New Guinea.’ In Louise Morauta, John Pernetta and W.Heaney (eds.) Traditional Conservation in Papua New Guinea: implications for today. Boroko: IASER, pp.121-133, pls.IV, V, XV.

            General discussion illustrated with photographs from Haeapugua and Tari.

Powell, Jocelyn M. 1984. ‘The agricultural field trials, studies, extension and monitoring unit.’ In Will French and Michael A.H.B.Walter (eds.), pp.125-150.

            An evaluation of the AFTSEMU programmes of the SHRDP.

Powell, Jocelyn M., C.Amburi and C.Andulu 1974. ‘Ethnobotanical notes from the Tari sub-district, Southern Highlands.’ Ms.

Powell, Jocelyn M. with Simon Harrison 1982. Haiyapugwa: aspects of Huli subsistence and swamp cultivation. Department of Geography, UPNG, Occasional Paper (New Series) No.1.

            An extensive description of Huli agricultural techniques, crops, garden implements and house forms, drawing on observations around Haeapugua swamp.

Powell, Jocelyn M. and John P.Powell 1972. ‘Frost in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Report. Held NGC.

            Discusses the impact of frosts in 1972 at Margarima and Tari.

Powell, Jocelyn M. and John P.Powell 1973. ‘The 1972 frost and famine in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea: report of the University of Papua New Guinea survey team.’ Ts. 9pp.. Held NGC.

            Report of a survey covering Margarima, Koroba and Tari areas.

Powell, Jocelyn M. and John P. Powell 1974. ‘The Papua New Guinea famine of 1972-73: some implications for social policy and research.’ Yagl-Ambu 1(1):27-38.

            Mentions migrations from Margarima following the 1972/73 food shortages (p.33).

Powell, John and Bae Gimer 1984. ‘The education components.’ In Will French and Michael A.H.B.Walter (eds.), pp.155-174.

            An evaluation of the education and media components of the SHRDP.

Pretty, Graeme L. n.d. ‘The South Australian Museum Expedition to the Southern Highlands of New Guinea, December 1968 – January 1969.’ Ts. 4pp.. Held PNG National Museum.

            Describes a visit to Tari to collect artefacts.

Prince, John 1969. ‘Papuan thought is not Western thought.’ Light and Life November 1969:6-7.

            Illustrates stone mortars and pestles from the Tari area.

Prince, John and Moyra Prince 1991. A Church is Born: a history of the Evangelical Church of Papua New Guinea. APCM.

            Documents the early history of the Unevangelised Fields Mission (later APCM, and then ECPNG) in the Tari area.

Prybylski, Dimitri, William A.Alto, Stephen Rogers and Helen Pickering 1992. ‘Measurement of child mortality in association with a multipurpose birth certificate programme in the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.’ Journal of Biosocial Science 24(4):527-537.

            Describes the TRU programme monitoring child survival in the Tari area.

Public Relations Office, Administration of Papua New Guinea 1954. ‘Overland patrol of the Tari-Strickland Gorge region.’ South Pacific 7(12):909-915.

            An account of D.J.Clancy’s 1954 patrol through the Tari Basin en route from Kutubu to the Strickland Gorge.

Pugh, Jacqueline 1975. Communication, Language and Huli Music: a preliminary survey. Unpublished B.A.(Hons.) thesis, Department of Music, Monash University. Held NRI, SHARC, PNG National Museum and Art Gallery.

            Linguistic analysis of Huli musical forms, based on fieldwork in the Tani-Walete area.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1977. ‘Huli language and instrumental performance.’ Ethnomusicology 21(2):205-232.

            A description of Huli musical performance with gawa and hiriyula instruments.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1978. Final Report under the Amy R. Hughes Scholarship. Scholarships Committee, Victorian Branch of the Australian Foundation of University Women, Melbourne.

            Report on ethnomusicological fieldwork in the Tari area.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1979a. ‘The Huli and their music.’ Hemisphere 23(2):84-88. Reprinted in the Hemisphere Annual 1979, pp.84-89.

            A review of vocal and instrumental Huli music.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1979b. ‘Analogy in Huli Ethnomusicology.’ Paper presented at the Third National Conference of the Musicological Society of Australia, Monash University.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1980. ‘Language articulation using musical instruments in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ In Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Acoustics. Volume 1: Invited Papers, Structured Session Papers. Sydney: 10th International Congress on Acoustics and the University of New South Wales, p.151.

            Abstract of a paper demonstrating the ability of Huli musicians to articulate speech while playing oral musical instruments.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1982a. ‘Language communication and instrumental music in Papua New Guinea; comments on the Huli and Samberigi cases.’ Musicology VII:104-119.

            Discusses the role of instrumental music in Huli communication.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1982b. An Ethnomusicological Study of the Huli of the Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Music, University of Queensland. 2 volumes. Held SHARC and NGC [AQ 781.795362.P978].

            A major study of of the cultural and linguistic contexts for Huli musical forms.

Pugh-Kitingan, Jacqueline 1984. ‘Speech tone realisation in Huli music.’ In J.C.Kassler and J.Stubbington (eds.) Problems and Solutions: occasional essays in musicology presented to Alice M. Moyle. Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, pp.95-120.

            Explores the relationship between melody and speech tone in Huli music.


Pust, Ronald E. 1999. ‘Underlying cause.’ JAMA 281(3): 215-216.

            Account by a medical doctor of the death of an old man at Tari Hospital.


Radcliffe, David J. 1985a. The Management Properties of Andisols in Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. AFTSEMU Technical Report No.1, also as Technical Report 85/7, Department of Primary Industry, Konedobu. (Originally a paper presented at the Vth International Forum on Soil Taxonomy and Agrotechnology Transfer, Port Moresby, April – May, 1983). Held TRU.

            Includes data from Piwa, Tari.

Radcliffe, David J. 1985b. The Land Resources of Piwa Experimental Farm. AFTSEMU Technical Report No.6, also as Technical Report 85/10, Department of Primary Industry, Konedobu. Held TRU.

            Description of the soils and scope for experimentation at Piwa, Tari.

Radcliffe, David J. 1992. ‘Land evaluation for food crop production in Papua New Guinea.’ In Malcom P.Levett, Jane Earland and Peter Heywood (eds.) Proceedings of the First Papua New Guinea Food and Nutrition Conference. Port Moresby: UPNG Press and Department of Agriculture and Livestock, pp.175-201.

            A paper from a 1983 conference which describes the structure of a land evalution project, with reference to trials conducted at Piwa station in the Tari basin.

Radcliffe, David J. and Gavin P.Gillman 1985. ‘Surface charge characteristics of volcanic ash soils from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ In E.F.Caldas and D.H.Yaalon (eds.) Volcanic Soils. Catena Supplement 7:35-46.

Rainier, Chris 1996. Where Masks Still Dance: New Guinea. Boston: Bullfinch Press.

            Photos of Huli wigmen posing at the ridge and the waterfall near Ambua Lodge (pp.94,95,127).

Read, Jennifer, Geoffrey Hope and Robert Hill 1990. ‘The dynamics of some Nothofagus-dominated rain forests in Papua New Guinea.’ Journal of Biogeography 17(2):185-204.

            Discusses forest structure, with particular emphasis on the regeneration patterns of Nothofagus, in the Doma Gap area.

Reeves, Susan C. and May Dudley (eds.) 1969. New Guinea Social Science Field Research and Publications 1962-67. New Guinea Research Bulletin Number 32.

            Mentions the work of Eibl-Eibesfeldt in September and October 1967 at Tari on facial expressions and gestures (p.57).

Reid, Brian 1980. ‘The cassowary and the Highlanders: present day contribution and value to village life of a traditionally important wildlife resource.’ Report, New Zealand Wildlife Service. Held NGC.

            A review of the hunting, trading and domestication of cassowaries in Highlands societies, with data from named Huli communities.

Reid, Brian 1978/79. ‘History of domestication of the cassowary in Mendi Valley, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea.’ Ethnomedizin 5(3/4):407-429.

            Refers to Huli domestication of cassowaries.

Reid, Brian 1981/82. ‘The cassowary and the Highlanders: present day contribution and value to village life of a traditionally important wildlife resource in Papua New Guinea.’ Ethnomedizin 7(1-4):149-240.

            Relates responses of Huli students to a questionnaire survey of cassowary domestication.

Reis, Jose 1986. ‘The pigs of war.’ People 28 April 1986, pp.5-8.

            Photoessay on fighting at Tigibi.

Rich, Patricia V., Michael Plane and Natalie Schroeder 1988. ‘A pygmy cassowary (Casuaris lydekkeri) from late Pleistocene bog deposits at Pureni, Papua New Guinea.’ Bureau of Mineral Resources Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 10(4):377-389.

            A further report on the faunal remains from the Pureni megafaunal site.

Rickwood, Frank 1992. The Kutubu Discovery: Papua New Guinea, its people, the country and the exploration and discovery of oil. Glenroy, Victoria: Book Generation Pty Ltd.

            A history of oil exploration leading up to the development of the Kutubu and Hides gas and oil fields, with numerous references to Huli people and the Tari area.

Ridgeway, Kingsley 1976. Feet Upon the Mountains: a history of the first five years of the Wesleyan Missionary work in Papua New Guinea. The Wesleyan Church Corporation.

            Describes the establishment of the Wesleyan mission at Fugwa (Mogoropugua) in 1961.

Riley, Ian D. 1971. ‘Pneumonia Research Project – Tari.’ Report to the Director, Public Health Department.

Riley, Ian D. 1972. ‘Pneumonia Research Programme Tari and a proposal for a field trial of an anti-pneumococcal vaccine.’ Report to the Director, Public Health Department.

Riley, Ian D. 1973a. ‘Pneumonia in Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 16(1):9-14.

            The prevalence of pneumococcal forms of pneumonia, with data from the Pneumonia Research Unit at Tari.

Riley, Ian D. 1973b. ‘Pneumonia.’ In C.O.Bell (ed.) The Diseases and Health Services of Papua New Guinea: a basis for National Health Planning. Port Moresby: Department of Public Health, pp.247-253.

            Refers to data on mortality from acute respiratory diseases in Tari.

Riley, Ian D. 1977. ‘Pneumonia Research Unit Tari: analysis and availability of data.’ Ts. 12pp.. Held TRU.

Riley, Ian D. 1978. ‘Interim report on the activities of the Pneumonia Research Unit from 1970 to 1976.’ Report to the Secretary of Health.

Riley, Ian D. 1979. Pneumonia in Papua New Guinea: a study of the effects of Western medicine upon disease in a developing country. Unpublished M.D. thesis, University of Sydney. Held TRU, and in the Rare Book Department, University of Sydney Library.

            Tari Basin case study of morbidity and mortality from acute lower respiratory infection (pp.199-257).

Riley, Ian D. 1983. ‘Notes on data processing for the Tari Research Unit.’ Ts..

Riley, Ian D. 1987. ‘Rural health services in international perspective.’ In Peter Heywood and B.Hudson (eds.) Rural Health Services in Papua New Guinea. Monograph No.5, Papua New Guinea Department of Health, Boroko, pp.3-9.

            Mentions infant mortality data from Tari.

Riley, Ian D. and Robert M.Douglas 1978. ‘Pneumococcal vaccines – recent developments.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 21(1):105-112.

            Employs results from Tari to propose nation-wide vaccination.

Riley, Ian D., Fairlie A.Everingham, David E.Smith and Robert M.Douglas 1981. ‘Immunisation with a polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine: effect on respiratory mortality in children living in the New Guinea highlands.’ Archives of Disease in Childhood 56:354-357.

            Impact on respiratory mortality at Tari of vaccination.

Riley, Ian D., Deborah Lehmann and Michael P.Alpers 1991. ‘Pneumococcal vaccine trials in Papua New Guinea: relatonships between the epidemiology of pneumococcal infection and vaccine efficacy.’ Rev.Infect.Dis. 13:S535-S541.

Riley, Ian D., Deborah Lehmann, Michael P.Alpers, T.F. de C.Marshall, H.Gratten and David E.Smith 1986. ‘Pneumococcal vaccine prevents death from acute lower-respiratory-tract infections in Papua New Guinean children.’ The Lancet 1986(2), No.8512:877-881.

            Describes the efficiency of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccines in restricting mortality at Tari.

Riley, Ian D., Phillip I.Tarr, Marion Andrews, Margaret Pfeiffer and Rae Howard 1974. ‘A preliminary report of a trial of a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in a rural community.’ Abstracts and Proceedings of the 10th Annual Meeting of the Medical Society of Papua New Guinea, Goroka, 26-27 July 1974. Goroka: PNGIMR, pp.167-187.

Riley, Ian D., Phillip I.Tarr, Marion Andrews, Margaret Pfeiffer and Rae Howard 1975. ‘A preliminary report of a trial of pneumococcal vaccine in a rural community.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 18(1):42.

            An abstract of I.D.Riley, P.Tarr et al. (1974).

Riley, Ian D., Phillip I.Tarr, Marion Andrews, Margaret Pfeiffer, Rae Howard, R.Challands, G.Jennison and R.M.Douglas 1977. ‘Immunisation with a polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine: reduction of adult respiratory mortality in a New Guinea Highlands Community.’ The Lancet 1977(1), No.8026:1338-1341.

            Describes the effect of adult vaccinations against pneumonia at Tari.

Riley, Ian D., Phillip I.Tarr, Marion Andrews, Margaret Pfeiffer, Rae Howard and Robert Douglas 1977. ‘A trial of a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine at Tari in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ In N.Hicks (ed.) A.N.Z.S.E.R.C.H. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, 1976.

Robbins, R.G. and R.Pullen 1965. ‘Vegetation of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.100-115.

            General description of the vegetation and of the range of plant communities in the Wabag-Tari area.

Roberts, Graham 1979. ‘Seed multiplication site – Tari – Southern Highlands.’ Ts. 6pp.. Held TRU.

            Discusses crop trials at Tari station for corn, beans, peas anmd peanuts.

Robin, Robert W. 1980a. ‘Missionaries in contemporary Melanesia: crossroads of cultural change.’ Journal de la Société des Océanistes 36(69):261-278.

            The impact of missions on traditional culture in the Southern Highlands.

Robin, Robert W. 1980b. The Presence, Influence and Effects of Christian Missions on the People of the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, UPNG. Held NGC [AQ 279.536.R655].

            A critical analysis of the role and funding of missions and of their impact on traditional culture in the Southern Highlands; includes individual profiles of missions operating amongst the Huli.

Robin, Robert W. 1981a. ‘Revival movement hysteria in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 20(2):150-163.

            A review of revival movements at Tari.

Robin, Robert W. 1981b. ‘The role of foreign missions in an independent Papua New Guinea.’ Australian Outlook 35(2):138-151.

            A critical review of the role of foreign missions in the Southern Highlands, with reference to events in Huli communities.

Robin, Robert W. 1982. ‘Revival movements in the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.’ Oceania 52(4):320-343.

            A review of mission involvement in revival movements in the Southern Highlands.

Robinson, Fritz 1991. ‘Anthropology and the Porgera gold mine.’ Conference paper, NPPNGH Conference, Canberra. Held TRU.

            Mentions Huli contact with Porgera area, and use of literature on Huli society in community work at the mine.

Robson, R.W. 1935. ‘Central New Guinea gives up its secrets: Hides proves the existence of vast fertile tableland, densely inhabited by skilled agriculturalists of peculiar racial type.’ Pacific Islands Monthly 6(1):7,74.

            Account of contact between Huli people and the 1935 Hides/O’Malley patrol.

Rodrigue, Roger B. 1963. ‘A report on a widespread psychological disorder called lulu seen among the Huli linguistic group in Papua.’ Oceania 33(4):274-279.

            A description of lulu, or ‘abnormal mental’ behaviour in the Koroba, Tani and Tari areas.

Rogers, Stephen 1987. ‘Institute of Medical Research, Tari 1987-1990.’ Ts. 5pp.. Held TRU.

            A review of work in progress and work proposed at the TRU.

Rogers, Stephen 1989. Oral Rehydration Therapy: review of a programme in the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. Paper submitted for Part II of the MFCM Examination. Held TRU.

Rogers, Stephen 1990. ‘A survey of chronic lung disease and asthma in the Southern Highlands Province.’ Ts. 24pp.. Held TRU.

Rogers, Stephen, M.Mauludu and William A.Alto 1991. ‘Declining impact of oral rehydration therapy in a Papua New Guinea Highlands province: a case study with implications for Papua New Guinea’s National Diarrheal Disease Control Program.’ The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 23(3):307-316.

Rogers, Stephen, Stephen Paija, James Embiap and Ronald E.Pust 1991. ‘Management of common potentially serious paediatric illnesses by aid post orderlies at Tari, Southern Highlands Province.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 34(2):122-128.

            Observations on the performance of aid post orderlies in the diagnosis and treatment of child illnesses.

Rogers, Stephen, Stephen Paija and A.Ward 1989. ‘Oral rehydration therapy: review of a program in the Southern Highlands Province.’ Paper presented at the 25th Annual Symposium of the Medical Society of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, 1989.

Rogers, Stephen, R.C.Sanders and Michael P.Alpers 1991. ‘Immunogenicity of standard dose Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine in highland Papua New Guinean children from four months of age.’ Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 94:88-91.

Rogerson, Rick J. 1981. ‘Margarima gas flames.’ Professional Opinion PO 9-81. Konedobu: Geological Survey of Papua New Guinea, Department of Minerals and Energy.

            A brief report on natural gas leaks north of Margarima near the Wage river.

Roke, Ann 1979. Bi tebiranga mbuga ogo; Huli Bi, Tok Pisin, English. Tari: Evangelical Printers.

            An introductory triglot reader produced by the ECPNG.

Rose, Chris J. 1976a. ‘A tethering system of grazing pigs on sweet potatoes in the Tari Valley.’ In K.Willson and R.Michael Bourke (eds.) 1975 Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference Proceedings. Port Moresby: Department of Primary Industry, pp.151-158.

            Describes the results of pig-grazing tests in the Tari Basin as a strategy for coping with pressure on land resources.

Rose, Chris J. 1976b. ‘Subsistence crop trials, 1975/6.’ Unpublished report, Piwa Agricultural Station, Department of Primary Industry, Tari.

Rose, Chris J. 1979. ‘Comparison of single and progressive harvesting of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam).’ Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 30(4):61-64.

            Identifies the importance for Huli pig tuber yields of progressive, rather than single, harvesting of sweet potato.

Rose, Chris J. 1980. ‘Optimum replanting stage for two varieties of pit-pit (Setaria palmifolia) in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 31(1-4):23-29.

            Documents rates of decline in the growth of pit-pit varieties and proposes shorter replanting intervals.

Rose, Chris J. 1982. ‘Preliminary observations on the Pandanus nut (Pandanus jiulianetti Martelli).’ In R.Michael Bourke and V.Kesavan (eds.) Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference. Port Moresby: Department of Primary Industry, Part 1:160-167.

            A study of yields from two Tari varieties of pandanus.

Rose, Chris J. 1986. Tabular descriptions of crops grown in the tropics. 16: Karuka (Pandanus julianettii Martelli). CSIRO Division of Water and Land Resources, Technical Memorandum 86/21.

            A description in the form of data tables of karuka pandanus (anga) from the Tari area.

Rose, Chris J. and W.T.Williams 1983/84. ‘Ingestion of earthworms, Pontoscolex corethrurus, by village pigs, Sus scrofa papuensis, in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Applied Animal Ethology 11:131-139.

            Proposes that earthworms form an important component in the diet of foraging pigs, based on Huli data.

Rose, Chris J. and Andrew W.Wood 1980. ‘Some environmental factors affecting earthworm populations and sweet potato populations and sweet potato production in the Tari Basin, Papua New Guinea Highlands.’ Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 31(1-4):1-13.

            An analysis of optimum environments for earthworm populations in gardened soils.

Rose, D.J. 1972. ‘Garden situation – Pureni area.’ Ts. 2pp..

            A letter to the Co-ordinator of Famine Relief, Mendi, dated 27th November 1972, reporting a garden survey in the Pureni area.

Rose, Gilbert 1987. ‘The Pacific Way.’ New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Technology, 1987:119-120.

            Brief account of author’s work at the Tari Base Hospital.

Rowse, Ian 1968. ‘Focus on Huli-land.’ Light and Life Mid-September 1968:6-7.

            A summary of the APCM mission in the Tari region.

Rowse, Ian 1978. ‘Tari.’ Light and Life September 1978: 8-9.

            A summary of ECPNG operations in the Tari region.

Ruggeri, Corrado 1995. Il Canto delle Lucciole. Viaggio in Nuova Guinea tra cannibali e adorati de spiriti. Un viaggio nella preistoria di oggi di un uomo occidentale, con is suoi dubbi i timori. Milano: Feltrinelli Traveller. [Held Lorenzo Brutti]

Ruggeri, Corrado 2001. À table avec les cannibales. Aventures en pays papou. Paris Payot.

            Translation of Ruggeri (1995). Lengthy account of tourist visit to Ambua Lodge, claiming that the Huli have been cannibals until recently.

Rule, Joan E. 1969. ‘Evil spirits sheer fantasy?’ Light and Life November 1969:3.

            Refers to Huli ritual, includes a photograph of a mali dancer.

Rule, Joan E. 1977. ‘Vernacular literacy in the Western and lower Southern Highlands Provinces: a case study of a mission’s involvement.’ In Stephen A.Wurm (ed.) Language, Culture, Society, and the Modern World. Facsicle 1. New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study, Vol.3. Pacific Linguistics C-40, pp.387-401.

            References to Huli literacy.

Rule, Joan E. 1980. ‘Dauli Teachers College.’ Light and Life June 1980:6-8.

            Describes the situation and the work of the college.

Rule, W.Murray 1954. ‘Huli language: tentative statement of the grammar.’ Ts. 55/60pp.. Held TRU.

            Incorporated into W.M.Rule (1974).

Rule, W.Murray 1957. ‘Huli language, statement of the grammar. Corrections and additions to the extant grammar.’ Ts. 12 pp.. Held TRU.

Rule, W.Murray 1964. ‘Huli grammar.’ Ts.. Held TRU.

            Incorporated into W.M.Rule (1974).

Rule, W.Murray 1965a. ‘Word lists, Foe and Huli.’ Ts..

Rule, W.Murray 1965. A Comparative Study of the Foe, Huli and Pole Languages of Papua. M.A. thesis, University of Sydney. Held NGC [AMF 499.53.R935].

            Published as W.M.Rule (1977).

Rule, W.Murray 1970. ‘Huli language.’ Ts. 11pp.. Held TRU.

            A short summary of Huli phonemes and tones.

Rule, W.Murray 1974. Statement of the Phonology and Grammar of the Huli Language. Ts. 89pp.. Held TRU.

Rule, W.Murray 1977a. A Comparative Study of the Foe, Huli and Pole Languages of Papua New Guinea. Oceania Linguistic Monograph 20. Sydney: University of Sydney.

            A comparison of the grammars of Huli, Foi and Pole, with a Huli text (pp.117-8).

Rule, W.Murray 1977b. ‘Institutional framework of language study: the Asia Pacific Christian Mission.’ In Stephen A.Wurm (ed.) Language, Culture, Society, and the Modern World. Facsicle 2. New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study, Vol.3. Pacific Linguistics C-40, pp.1341-1344.

Rule, W.Murray and Joan E.Rule c.1954. ‘Huli language: statement of phonemes.’ Ts. 10pp.. Held TRU.

            Incorporated into W.M.Rule (1974).

Rule, W.Murray and Joan E.Rule n.d.a. ‘English-Huli dictionary.’ Ts. 53 pp.. Held TRU.

            An early version of Rule and Rule (n.d.b.).

Rule, W.Murray and Joan E.Rule n.d.b. ‘An English-Huli working vocabulary.’ Revised by W.Norman. Ts. 65pp.. Held TRU.

Rule, W.Murray and Joan E.Rule n.d.c. ‘Huli-English dictionary.’ Ts..

Rumsey, Alan 1986. Review of L.R.Goldman (1983). Language in Society 15(2):250-257.

Russell, D.A. 1960. ‘Leprosy in Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 4(2):49-54.

            Mentions the leprosy colony at Tari, and the incidence of leprosy at Haeapugua.

Russell, D.A., S.C.Wigley, D.R.Vincin, G.C.Scott, P.B.Booth and R.T.Simmons 1971. ‘Blood groups and salivary ABH secretion of inhabitants of the Karimui Plateau and adjoining areas of the New Guinea Highlands.’ Human Biology in Oceania 1(2):79-89.

            Refers to tests for Lewis (Lea) blood group on 10 individuals from Munima.

Rutherford, G.K. and Herman A.Haantjens 1965. ‘Soils of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.85-99.

            Definition and description of the soil groups of the Wabag-Tari area.

Rutherford, G.K. and Rayden A.Perry 1965. ‘Land use capability of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.132-136.

            Assessment of factors limiting more intensive land use, and outline of regional potential land use for the Wabag-Tari area.

Ryan, John 1969. The Hot Land: focus on New Guinea. Melbourne and New York: Macmillan and St Marton’s Press.

            Photograph facing p.118: Handabe Tiabe, first Huli member of Legislative Assembly.

Ryan, Peter 1991. Black Bonanaza: a landslide of gold. South Yarra, Victoria: Hyland House.

            A history of the Mt Kare goldrush.


Saint George’s Church, Catholic Mission, Koroba 1973. ‘A simplified Huli grammar: basic course in the Huli language.’ Lessons 1-12. Ts. 61pp.. Held TRU.

Sanders, R.C., D.Lewis, Timothy Dyke and Michael P.Alpers 1992. ‘Markers of hepatitis B infection in Tari District, Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 35(3):197-201.

            Analysis of serum samples from two Tari area communities.

Sankoff, Gillian 1986. The Social Life of Language. Pittsburgh: University of Pennsylvania Press.

            Chapter titled ‘Multilingualism in Papua New Guinea’ (pp.95-132) discusses the issue of Huli/Duna bilingualism as a case study.

Saunders, John C. 1964. Additional Forest Resources Data for the Lands of the Wabag-Tari Area. Technical Memorandum 64/7. Canberra: CSIRO Division of Land Research and Regional Survey.

            Lists tree species from a sample plot in the Ambua area of the Tari basin.

Saunders, John C. 1965. ‘Forest resources of the Wabag-Tari area.’ In Rayden A.Perry et al., pp.116-124.

            Classification and description of forest types, and correlation with vegetation communities in the Wabag-Tari area.

Savage, Matthew 1994. Kinship in Practice: re-thinking Huli descent. Unpublished B.A.(Hons.) thesis, Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, ANU, Canberra.

            A theoretical re-analysis of Huli kinship.

Scaglion, Richard 1994. Review of L.R.Goldman (1993). Man 29(2):512-513.

Schieffelin, Edward L. 1991. ‘The Great Papuan Plateau.’ In E.L.Schieffelin and R.Crittenden (eds.), pp.58-87.

            Discusses contacts between Huli and Papuan Plateau groups, and identifies Malaiya as a ritual site associated by the Huli with the root of the earth, dindi pongone.

Schieffelin, Edward L. and Robert Crittenden 1991. ‘Aftermath and reflections.’ In E.L.Schieffelin and R.Crittenden (eds.), pp.230-256.

            Discusses first contact between the Huli and the Fox brothers (p.235).

Schieffelin, Edward L. and Robert Crittenden (eds.) 1991. Like People You See in a Dream: first contact in six Papuan societies. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

Schieffelin, Edward L., Robert Crittenden and the contributors 1991. ‘The historical impact: Southern Highlands epilogue.’ In E.L.Schieffelin and R.Crittenden (eds.), pp.257-292.

            Allen and Frankel discuss the longer term impact of the Hides patrol on Huli society (pp.268-273).

Schuman, Sister Paulita 1979. ‘Family planning: basic research involving the ovulation method of family planning amng the Huli people.’ Catalyst 9(4):256-263.

            Describes the results of a family planning research program conducted at Tari Hospital in 1977.

Selby, David 1963. Itambu! Sydney: Currawong.

            A judge’s account of court trials at Tari (pp.79-90, and photographs between pp.42-3).

Shaw, R.Daniel 1973. ‘A tentative classification of the languages of the Mt.Bosavi region.’ In Karl Franklin (ed.) The Linguistic Situation in the Gulf District and Adjacent Areas, Papua New Guinea. Pacific Linguistics C-26. Canberra: ANU, pp.189-215.

            Describes the lexicostatistical relationships between the Huli and Duna, and between the Huli and Bogaiya languages (p.190).

Sheil, Graham 2002. ‘The lady from New Guinea, the lady from New York.’ Quadrant October 2002, 46(1), No.390: 73-78.

            Short story based on a visit to the Tari region during the national elections.

Sheridan, R. n.d. ‘Notes on the music of Papua and New Guinea.’ Record notes to recordings by Colin Simpson in early 1949 for the Australian Broadcasting Commission. Ts..

            Detailed comments on cuts 11-16 from Tari. Listed in Ken Gourlay (comp.) 1974. A Bibliography of Traditional Music in Papua New Guinea. Port Moresby: IPNGS, p.94.

Shield, Jennifer M., David E.Smith and Peter Heywood 1981. ‘The prevalence of alimentary helminthiasis and its association with nutritional status in children under five years old in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 24(1):40-44.

            Documents the incidence of hookworm at Tari.

Shields, E.D., F.Decary and A.D.Russell 1986. ‘Genetic distance: probing the origin of a Papua New Guinea isolate.’ International Journal of Anthropology 1(4):307-322.

            Uses comparative genetic data from Tari.

Silcock, J.P. 1989. ‘A visit to the Southern Highlands.’ Muruk 4(1):22.

            Summary of a brief ornithological survey at Tari Gap, with a list of the bird species identified.

Sillitoe, Paul 1983. Roots of the Earth. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Sillitoe, Paul 1985. ‘Decorating to communicate.’ The Artefact 10(2):15-26.

            Refers to the Wola claim that they copied the art of decorating bamboo tobacco pipes from the Huli (p.18).

Simpson, Colin 1954a. ‘We flew into the hidden valley of Shangri-La.’ The Sunday Advertiser Supplement, Adelaide, 9 October 1954, pp.2-3.

            Press report on the “discovery” of the Lebani valley.

Simpson, Colin 1954b. ‘Shangri-La.’ A.M. 16 November 1954, pp.24-25.

            Press report on the “discovery” of the Lebani valley.

Simpson, Colin 1954c. ‘Where cooking is the badge of manhood: strange customs of New Guinea natives.’ Australian Women’s Weekly 1 December 1954, 22(7):24-25.

            Describes the activities of early Administration and mission personnel at Tari, and a brief visit by Simpson to Tari; illustrated with photographs.

Simpson, Colin 1954d. ‘Jack Hides and the hidden valley.’ Pacific Islands Monthly November 1954, 25(4):24-25.

            Contests claims that Jack Hides was the first white man to visit the Lebani valley.

Simpson, Colin 1955. Islands of Men. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

            Reports on the Clancy-Zehnder patrol to the Lebani Valley (pp.183-210).

Sinclair, James P. 1966. Behind the Ranges: patrolling in New Guinea. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

            A popular history of administrative exploration of the highlands, including patrols through the Tari, Koroba and Lebani areas, and details of local warfare during the author’s residence at Tari from 1955.

Sinclair, James P. 1969. The Outside Man: Jack Hides of Papua. Angus and Robertson Ltd.

            A biography of Jack Hides, with reference to contact between Huli people and the Hides/O’Malley patrol in 1935 (pp.141-160).

Sinclair, James P. 1971. The Highlanders. Milton, Queensland: Jacaranda Press.

            Includes a photograph of an un-named Huli ‘fight-leader’ (p.4).

Sinclair, James P. 1973a. Wigmen of Papua. Milton, Queensland: Jacaranda Press.

            A popular and heavily illustrated account of contact between police patrols and Huli communities.

Sinclair, James P. 1973b. Faces of New Guinea. Milton, Queensland: Jacaranda Press.

            Photographs of Huli-Duna (pp.14-15, 24, 27, 49, 55, 58, 81, 85).

Sinclair, James P. 1978. Wings of Gold: how the aeroplane developed New Guinea. Sydney: Pacific Publications.

            A history of air flight in Papua New Guinea, with numerous Tari area references (pp.226-8, 231, 236, 237, 251).

Sinclair, James P. 1981. Kiap: Australia’s patrol officers in Papua New Guinea. Sydney: Pacific Publications.

            A history of patrol officers in Papua New Guinea, with numerous references to the Huli and the Tari area.

Sinclair, James P. 1986. Balus: the aeroplane in Papua New Guinea. Volume 1: The Early Years. Bathurst: Robert Brown and Associates.

            Air-drops of live poultry to Tari (pp.149-150), salvage of a crashed aeroplane organised through Tari (p.212), aerial supply of APC patrol through Tari and the Lebani Valley (pp.241-242).

Sinclair, James P. 1988. Last Frontiers: the explorations of Ivan Champion of Papua: a record of geographical exploration in Australia’s Territory of Papua between 1926 and 1940. Broadbeach Waters, Gold Coast, Queensland: Pacific Press.

            Describes contact between Huli and the 1935 Hides/O’Malley patrol (pp.120-122), the 1937 Claude Champion/Andersen patrol (pp.214-217), the 1938 Ivan Champion/Adamson patrol (pp.234-238), the 1940 Ivan Champion/Timperley patrol (pp.270-273) and the 1940 Adamson patrol (pp.275-276).

Sinclair, James P. 1994. ‘A colourful look at the history of exploration in PNG.’ PNG Resources January-March 1994, pp.38-48.

            Describes the search for the oil in the Tari region, and Sinclair’s own experiences at Wabupugua in the Yaluba valley.

Smith, David E. 1977a. ‘Malnutrition in children in Tari, 1965-1975: its definition and significance.’ Report to Public Health Office. Ts. 10pp.. Held TRU.

            Examines the relationship between growth rates determined by weight-for-age and child mortality.

Smith, David E. 1977b. ‘Results and implications of a dietary survey in Tari with recommendations for immediate action.’ Ts. 10pp.. Held TRU.

            Relates variability in child undernutrition to a combination of variation in dietary practice and differing cash incomes.

Smith, David E. 1977c. ‘Childhood mortality in Tari, 1971-1976.’ Unpublished preliminary report.

Smith, David E. 1978. ‘Interim report on the findings of the Pneumonia Research Unit, Tari, 1976 to 1978.’ Ts. 11pp. Held TRU.

Smith, David E. 1979a. ‘Mortality from pig-bel (Enteritis necroticans) in children in Tari, 1971 to 1976.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 22(1):74-78.

            Documents the persistence of a high mortality rate from pig-bel in the Tari area.

Smith, David E. 1979b. ‘Notes on the methodology of morbidity and mortality data collections in Tari, 1978-1979.’ Ts..

Smith, David E. 1981. ‘Suicide in a remote preliterate society in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 24(4):242-246.

            A description of suicide rates, methods and precipitants documented at Tari.

Sotheby’s 1992. The Peter Hallinan Collection of Melanesian Art. Catalogue, Monday 7th December 1992, London. London: Sotheby’s. Held ANU.

            Describes and illustrates a Huli bark mask from the Komo area.

Souter, Gavin 1965. New Guinea: the last unknown. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

            A history of the European exploration of New Guinea, with numerous Tari references (pp.169-170, 173, 188, 190, 248, 249-250).

Steinberg, Arthur G., D.Carleton Gajdusek, and Michael Alpers 1972. ‘Genetic studies in relation to kuru. V. Distribution of human gamma globulin allotypes in New Guinea populations.’ American Journal of Human Genetics 24, Supplement:S95-S110.

            Tables on Gm and Inv (1) phenotype occurrence include Huli data.

Stoneking, Mark A. 1986. Human Mitochondrial DNA Evolution in Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International.

            Includes data on mitochondrial DNA from 12 Huli individuals, with results indicating greater homogeneity amongst Huli-speakers than amongst Mendi- and Kewa-speakers, but an overall similarity confirming their common linguistic origins.

Strathern, Andrew 1994. Review of L.R.Goldman (1993). Oceania 64(4):340-342.

Strathern, Andrew 1995a. ‘Ritual movements reconsidered: ethnohistory in Aluni.’ In Aletta Biersack (ed.), pp.87-110.

            Discusses relationship between Huli tege and Duna kiria cults.

Strathern, Andrew 1995b. ‘Sacrifice and sociality: a Duna ritual track.’ Paper at conference on “Importing Cultures: regional transformations in myth and ritual in the western highlands of Papua New Guinea”, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 18-21 September 1995.

            Analyses the relationship between the Duna rindi kiniya ritual complex, and the corresponding Huli dindi gamu rituals.

Strathern, Marilyn 1985. Review of L.R.Goldman (1983). Man 20(2):363-364.

Strathern, Marilyn 1988. Review of S.J.Frankel (1986). Oceania 59(2):162-163.

Strauss, Hermann and J.H.F.Kuder 1955. ‘Series on St.Luke in various New Guinea Highlands languages (Medlpa, Mendi, Huli, Enga).’ Baiyer Station. Ts. 101pp..

Sullivan, Marjorie E. and Philip J.Hughes 1991. ‘Patterned microrelief in grasslands in cold upland valleys in Papua New Guinea.’ Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie (n.f.) 83:83-94.

            Describes and accounts for natural patterned depressions at Tari Gap.

Summer Institute of Linguistics n.d. Bunguna ko biagane te. Ukurumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics. 28pp…

            English-Huli reader on fly-borne infection.

Sun-Herald 1954. ‘Who was first to Shangri-la?’ The Sun-Herald (Sydney), 12 September 1954, p.15.

            Describes the (inaccurate) claim made by Jack Hides’ brother, V.P.Hides, that Jack was the first white to “discover” Zehnder’s “Shangri-la” (the Lebani valley).

Svendsen, Linda 1989. ‘Land at the edge of time.’ Winds 11(8):50-61.

            Photoessay, including portraits of men and women from Tari.

Swadling, Pamela 1975. Ancestral and Prehistoric Sites in the Purari River Basin. Papua New Guinea National Museum.

            Documents site LAE – the Pureni megafaunal site (p.4).

Swadling, Pamela 1983. How Long have People Been in the Ok Tedi Impact Region? Papua New Guinea National Museum Record No.8.

            Illustration of a chert blade found at Pipianda, held at Tari High School (Fig.41b).

Sydney Morning Herald 1954. ‘Crowded valleys found in New Guinea.’ Sydney Morning Herald 11 June 1954, p.5.

            Part of the confused media blitz associated with Zehnder’s “discovery” of the Lebani valley.


“J.T.” 1954. ’19 years on – and only Europeans change at Tari.’ Pacific Islands Monthly 25(4):79, 91, 93.

            A review of changes since the 1935 Hides/O’Malley patrol.

Tandagua, Tege 1976. ‘Testimony.’ Light and Life November 1976.

            The author, a Tani man, tells of his conversion to Christianity.

Tarr, Phillip I. 1979a. ‘The last Whole Census Catalog: a proposal for the methods of the Tari Medical Research Unit Census of 1979.’ Ts. 11pp.. Held TRU.

Tarr, Phillip I. 1979b. ‘The Tari Medical Research Unit morbidity surveillance system: a validity study.’ A report for the World Bank Southern Highlands Rural Development Project. 39pp.. Held TRU.

            An evaluation of the morbidity and mortality surveillance system focusing on the accuracy of records submitted by field reporters.

Tavali, Thomas 1980. ‘The history of Fugwa swamp, Koroba area, Southern Highlands.’ Oral History 8(6):80-81.

            A mythical account of the formation of Mogoropugua swamp.

Taylor, G.A.M. 1971. An investigation of volcanic activity at Doma Peaks. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Record 1971/137.

Taylor, James L. 1940. ‘Hagen-Sepik Patrol, 1938-1939: interim report.’ Report to the Council of the League of Nations on the Administration of the Territory of New Guinea, from 1st July, 1938, to 30th June, 1939. Canberra: Government Printer, pp.137-149, (also published in 1940 in Pacific Islands Monthly 10(8):37-42; (9):37-41; (10):32-37; (11):50-54).

            Discusses events at the Hoyabia camp (pp.143-144).

Taylor, James L. 1971. ‘Hagen-Sepik patrol, 1938-1939.’ New Guinea 6(3):24-45.

            An account of the 1938/39 Taylor/Black patrol.

Thistleton, B.M. and R.T.Masamdu 1985. Surveys of Insects Associated with Food Crops in Three Study Areas in the Southern Highlands Province. Research Bulletin No.36, Department of Primary Industry, Port Moresby.

            Documents pest surveys in the Mendi, Pangia and Tari areas.

Thomas, P.J. and J.Peter White 1966. ‘Savage Mr. Bjerre!’ New Guinea and Australia, the Pacific and South-East Asia March/April 1966, 1(5):81-83.

            A critical review of Bjerre (1964) which suggests that his descriptions of events in the Tari region were largely plagiarised from the accounts of others.

Thompson, Elizabeth 1989. ‘Gardens in the mist.’ Paradise 75:22-25.

            Account of a visit to Ambua Lodge.

Tiagani, Lagubi 1988. ‘The education of women in the Huli United Church literacy programme.’ In Eileen Wormald and Anne Crossley (eds.) Women and Education in Papua New Guinea and the South Pacific. Waigani: UPNG Press, pp.175-177.

            Describes the importance to Huli women of a literacy program conducted by the Huli United Chruch between 1980 and 1987.

Timmer, Jaap 1992a. ‘Adornment and display among the Huli: a summary account of anthropological researches into the aesthetics of self-decoration among the Huli, Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea.’ Field report, 10pp.. Held TRU.

            A preliminary fieldwork report on anthropological research in the Hedamali area.

Timmer, Jaap 1992b. ‘Inclined to be authentic: altered contexts and tourism in a Huli society.’ Paper presented to the First European Colloquium on Pacific Studies, Nijmegen, December 18 and 19, 1992. Held TRU.

            An early version of a chapter of Timmer 1993.

Timmer, Jaap 1993. Inclined to be Authentic: altered contexts and body decoration in a Huli society, Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Amsterdam. Held TRU.

            A detailed analysis of Huli decoration and dance within the context of modern tourism.

Timmer, Jaap 1994. Review of L.R.Goldman (1993). Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 150(2):445-446.

Tomassetti, Berard 1997. Papua New Guinea Encore. Victoria, Kansas: St. Fidelis Friary.

Tremblay, Hélène 1990. Families of the World: family life at the close of the Twentieth Century. Volume 2: East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

            Describes, with photographs, a day in the life of Homoko Alembo’s family, of “Pitapaya” clan (pp.210-215).

Trompf, Garry 1981. ‘Oral sources and the study of religious history in Papua New Guinea.’ In Donald Denoon and Roderic Lacey (eds.) Oral Tradition in Melanesia. Port Moresby: UPNG and IPNGS, pp.151-174.

            Discusses Huli rituals on basis of oral testimony of Benjamin Gayalu (p.154).

Troughton, Ellis 1957. ‘A new native dog from the Papuan Highlands.’ Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales for 1955-56, pp.93-94.

            Describes a new species of dog, Canis hallstromi, on the basis of a pair of dogs collected in the Lebani Valley by James Sinclair and Albert Speer in 1956.

Twyman, Len 1953. ‘Into the unknown Tari Valley.’ In Papuan Triumphs! Auckland: Unevangelized Fields Mission, pp.119-122.

            Describes early unsuccessful attempts by the Unevangelized Fields Mission to enter the Tari basin.

Twyman, Eva 1961. The Battle for the Bigwigs. Auckland: Unevangelised Fields Mission.

            An account of the establishment of the Unevangelised Fields Mission station at Tari.


Umezaki, Masahiro, Yukio Kuchikura, Taro Yamauchi and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2000. ‘Impact of population pressure on food production: an analysis of land use change and subsistence pattern in the Tari Basin in Papua New Guinea Highlands.’ Human Ecology 28(3): 359-381.

            Compares changes in land use between 1978 and 1995 for the parishes of Heli (Tari Basin) and Wenani (Haeapugua Basin).

Umezaki, Masahiro, Kazumi Natsuhara and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2001. ‘Protein content and amino acid scores of sweet potatoes in Papua New Guinea Highlands.’ Ecology of Food and Nutrition 40(5): 471-480.

Umezaki, Masahiro and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2002. ‘Changing patterns of the Huli in the Papua New Guinea Highlands: a genealogical demographic analysis.’ Mountain Research and Development 22(3): 256-262.

Umezaki, Masahiro and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2003. ‘Adaptive strategies of Highlands-origin migrant settlers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.’ Human Ecology 31(1): 3-25.

Umezaki, Masahiro, Taro Yamauchi and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2002. ‘Time allocation to subsistence activities among the Huli in rural and urban Papua New Guinea.’ Journal of Biosocial Science 34: 133-137.

Umezaki, Masahiro, Taro Yamauchi and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 1999. ‘Diet among the Huli in Papua New Guinea Highlands when they were influenced by the extended rainy period.’ Ecology of Food and Nutrition 37(5): 409.

Unger, Bruce and Robert Kay 1981. ‘A report of the speleological reconnaissance of the Lebani Valley and adjacent area, 9.8.1978 – 24.8.1978.’ Niugini Caver 7(2,3,4):121-137.

            Describes walking tracks and caves in the Lebani Valley area.


Vail, John 1985. ‘Demographic information from Tari.’ Appendix to Pickering (1985). Ts. 2pp..

            A review of the potential uses of demographic data collected by the TRU.

Vail, John 1987a. Correspondence. Oceania 58(1):62.

            A comment on Lomas (1986).

Vail, John 1987b. ‘Procedures for demographic data collection, entry and checking for the Tari demographic data base.’ Ts.. Held TRU.

Vail, John 1987c. ‘The social and economic questionnaire in Tari, 1984.’ Draft report. Held TRU.

Vail, John 1989. ‘Tari, land of the Huli.’ Times of Papua New Guinea June 1989, Traveller’s Times, pp.5-6.

            A description of the services offered by the Koli Guest House at Kugu.

Vail, John 1991. ‘A self sufficiency model for rural development at Tari in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.’ Held TRU.

Vail, John 1993. ‘The impact of the Mt Kare goldrush on the people of the Tari District.’ In Tukutau Taufa and Caroline Bass (eds.) Population Family Health and Development. Papers from the Waigani Conference, Volume 1, pp.256-267. Port Moresby: UPNG Press.

            A review of the social, economic and demographic impacts in the Tari basin of the Mt Kare goldrush, based on a 1989 survey.

Vail, John 1995. ‘All that glitters: the Mt.Kare gold rush and its aftermath.’ In Aletta Biersack (ed.), pp.343-374.

            Documents the impact of the Mt Kare gold rush on Huli people of the Tari basin and Paijaka plateau.

Vail, John 1995. ‘Making a myth: seance, suicide and circumstances in Tari.’ Paper at conference on “Importing Cultures: regional transformations in myth and ritual in the western highlands of Papua New Guinea”, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 18-21 September 1995.

            An account of a double suicide in the Kugu area of Tari basin, tracing the development of subsequent explanations for their occurrence.

Vail, John and Aletta Biersack 1995. ‘Appendix: glossary of company names and acronyms.’ In Aletta Biersack (ed.), pp.375-377.

            A glossary relating to the Mt.Kare goldrush.

Van Gurp, Gerald, Timothy J.Hutchison and William A.Alto 1990. ‘Arrow wound management in Papua New Guinea.’ The Journal of Trauma 30(2):183-188.

            Discusses cases treated at Tari hospital.

Vellacott-Jones, K. 1954. ‘The Tari people of New Guinea: a remote tribe whose way of life may resemble that of the inhabitants of a hitherto unknown neighbouring area.’ Illustrated London News 10 July 1954, pp.57-59.

            Aerial photographs of the Tari area, including Dalipugua, and photographs of Huli people by Lloyd Yelland.

Vickers-Rich, Patricia 1991. ‘The Mesozoic and Tertiary history of birds on the Australian plate.’ In Patricia Vickers-Rich, J.M.Monaghan, Robert F.Baird and Thomas H.Rich (eds.) Vertebrate Palaeontology of Australasia. Melbourne: Pioneer Design Studio, pp.721-808.

            Discusses fossil cassowary from Pureni.

Vines, A.P. and P.B.Booth 1965. ‘Highlanders of New Guinea and Papua: a blood group survey.’ Oceania 35(3):208-217.

            A blood group survey, incorporating data from Munima, Tari Basin.


Wabiria, Andreas Hara 1985. ‘Mangove.’ Ondobondo: a Papua New Guinea literary magazine 6: 2-5.

            A short story about the life of a young boy in the Koroba and Middle Tagali areas before contact.

Wagner, Roy 1972. ‘Mathematical prediction of polygyny rates among the Daribi of Karimui patrol post, Territory of Papua and New Guinea.’ Oceania 42(3):205-222.

            Compares Daribi with Huli polygyny rates, drawing on Glasse’s data from Tari.

Waldeck, Pamela 1978a. Banihande nogo munime hende henego te. Tari: Evangelical Printers. 24pp..

            Huli reader on pigs.

Waldeck, Pamela 1978b. Ani abanaga ngaludi mabu te ogo. Tari: Evangelical Printers. 24pp..

            Huli reader on peanuts.

Walker, Godfrey with Weka Lari and Joseph Zale 1984. ‘The health components.’ In Will French and Michael A.H.B.Walter (eds.), pp.175-200.

            An evaluation of the health components of the SHRDP.

Walls, Rob 1987. ‘Travelling with the Huli.’ Paradise 61:35-38.

            Huli dancers travel to Port Moresby.

Walls, Rob 1988. ‘Little home in the Highlands!’ Paradise 70:35-38.

            Author stays at Hedamali and participates in a singsing.

Wani, Jacob, Travis Jenkins and Michael Alpers (eds.) 1993. Silver Jubilee Magazine. Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research Jubillee International Colloquium, Madang Rewsort Hotel, Madang, 17-20 August 1993. Madang: Kristen Press.

Warai, Peperayja 1983. Hulis on the Highway: the opinions and attitudes survey of Huli people on the changes and development of the Tari-Mendi Highway. Advanced Undergraduate Project report, Social Works Programme, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, UPNG. Held NGC.

            Reports on the results of interviews with Huli people, and on change in the statistics for vehicle accidents and STD’s in the Tari area following the extension of the Highlands Highway to Tari.

Wardlow, Holly 1997. ‘Bobby Teardrops: a Turkish video in Papua New Guinea; reflections on cultural studies, feminism, and the anthropology of mass media.’ Visual Anthropology Review Spring 1996, 12(1):30-46.

Wardlow, Holly 1997. ‘The Mt.Kare python: Huli myths and gendered fantasies of identity.’ Paper at conference, “Myths to Minerals”, ANU, Canberra.

Wardlow, Holly 2000. The Dawe Anda Reproductive Health Pilot Project. Unpublished M.A. thesis. Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Wardlow, Holly 2000. Passenger Women : gender, sexuality, and agency in a Papua New Guinea modernity. Ph.D. thesis. Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Wardlow, Holly 2001. ‘The Mt.Kare python: Huli myths and gendered fantasies of identity.’ In Rumsey and Weiner eds

Watson, Virginia D. 1980. ‘Perspectives, new and old, on New Guinea stone blades and their hafts.’ Occasional Papers in Anthropology, University of Queensland 10:167-220.

            Includes a description and analysis of stone blades collected by David Cole in the Tari area in 1964 (p.217).

Weston, I.L. 1976. ‘Description of the nest of Zosterops fuscicapilla, found at Tari in the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea by Don Hadden.’ New Guinea Bird Society Newsletter 116:11.

Whiting, David 1993. ‘Tari Branch.’ In Jacob Wani, Travis Jenkins and Michael Alpers (eds.), pp.29..

            A brief description of the TRU of the PNGIMR.

Williams, Francis E. 1940. ‘Report on the Grasslanders.’ Annual Report for the Territory of Papua for 1938-39, pp.39-67.

            An report on communities living to the north and west of Kutubu Patrol Post, including descriptions of fringe Huli.

Williams, Francis E. n.d. ‘Tari and Augu language vocabularies.’ Ts. 14pp.. Held PNGNA [Accession No.447, ML.Mss 5/7 Item 63].

            Huli vocabulary collected near Lake Kutubu in the 1930s.

Williams, Maslyn 1964. Stone Age Island: seven years in New Guinea. London: Collins.

            Includes an account of a visit to Tari, with photographs (pp.300-329).

Williams, Paul W. 1969. ‘Caves and karst areas in East New Guinea.’ In 5.Internationaler Kongress fuer Spelaeologie, Stuttgart 1969. 1. Abhandlungen, pp.M31/1-13.

            Describes cave formation in the Koroba and Pureni areas.

Williams, Paul W., Ian McDougall and Jocelyn M.Powell 1972. ‘Aspects of the Quaternary geology of the Tari-Koroba area, Papua.’ Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 18(4):333-347.

            A review of the more recent surficial and stratigraphic geological landscapes of the Tari, Pureni and Koroba areas.

Williams, Ronald G. 1972. The United Church in Papua, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands: the story of the development of an indigenous church on the occasion of the Centenary of the L.M.S. in Papua, 1872-1972. Rabaul: Trinity Press. Held NGC [A/C – 279.52.W726].

            Work of the Methodist mission in the Tari and Margarima areas (pp.287-309) and identification of Da Tagali Wabe with God (p.296).

Wohlt, Paul B., Bryant J.Allen, Anton Goie and P.W.Harvey 1982. An Investigation of Food Shortages in Papua New Guinea: 24 March to 3 April, 1981. IASER Special Publication No.6.

            An enquiry into food shortages in Enga and Southern Highlands Provinces following frosts in 1980, including a visit to the Lebani Valley.

Wolfers, Edward P. 1969. ‘Tari-a-while: “with the flowers in their hair”.’ Institute of Current World Affairs Newsletter, EPW-22, December 15th, 1969.

            A review of the use of stone mortars and pestles by Huli.

Wolfers, Edward P. 1971. ‘A pestle and mortar from Tari, Southern Highlands District, with some notes about their use among the Huli.’ Records of the Papua New Guinea Museum and Art Gallery 1(2):9-12.

            A description of two artefacts and an account of the ritual roles of stone mortars and pestles in the Tari area.

Wood, A. Harold and Margaret Reeson 1987. A Bridge is Built: a story of the United Church in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Overseas Missions of the Australian Methodist Church, Volume V. Sydney: Commission for Mission Uniting Church in Australia.

            A history of the establishment of mission stations at Tari (pp.27-31) and Margarima (pp.41-42).

Wood, Andrew W. 1980. ‘Why is our ground going bad? Soil deterioration in the Southern Highlands and methods for its control.’ Southern Highlands Public Seminar Paper No.1, 18 November 1980, Mendi. Ts.. Held SHARC, TRU.

Wood, Andrew W. 1982. ‘Food cropping systems in the Tari basin.’ In R.Michael Bourke and V.Kesavan (eds.) Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference. Port Moresby: Department of Primary Industry, Part 2:256-67.

            A description of Huli land use and of variation in pressure on land resources in the Tari Basin.

Wood, Andrew W. 1984. Land for Tomorrow: subsistence agriculture, soil fertility and ecosystem stability. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Geography, UPNG. Held TRU, NGC, SHARC.

            A major analysis of soils, Huli agricultural systems, and land degradation in the Tari Basin.

Wood, Andrew W. 1985. The Stability and Permanence of Huli Agriculture. Department of Geography, UPNG, Occasional Paper (New Series), No.5.

            A shorter, published version of the results of Wood (1984).

Wood, Andrew W. 1987. ‘The humic brown soils of the Papua New Guinea Highlands: a reinterpretation.’ Mountain Research and Development 7(2):145-156.

            A review of tephra soils in the Highlands, with illustrations drawn from the Tari Basin.

Wood, Andrew W. 1991. ‘Responses to land degradation by the Huli.’ Conference paper, NPPNGH Conference, Canberra. Held TRU.

            A condensed version of the results from Wood (1984).

Wood, Andrew W. and Bryant J.Allen 1980. ‘Land use and population studies for rural development in the Southern Highlands.’ Australian Geographer 14(5):308-310.

            A comparison of different population densities and land-use strategies in the Southern Highlands, with reference to the Tari Basin.

Wood, Andrew W. and Bryant J.Allen 1982. Tari Basin Land Use. Four map sheets. Waigani: Office of Environment and Conservation. Held TRU.

            A map showing areas of cultivation and forest in the Tari and Haeapugua basins.

Wood, Andrew W. and Geoffrey S.Humphreys 1982. ‘Traditional soil conservation in Papua New Guinea.’ In Louise Morauta, John Pernetta and William Heaney (eds.) Traditional Conservation in Papua New Guinea: implications for today. Boroko: IASER, pp.93-114.

            Discusses soil conservation techniques practiced by Huli people.

Wurm, Stephen A. 1957. ‘Preliminary report on the languages of the Eastern, Western and Southern Highlands of Papua-New Guinea.’ Ts. 34pp. Held NGC.

            Includes comments on relationships between Huli and Samberigi languages, and provides details of source materials on Huli.

Wurm, Stephen A. 1964a. ‘Australian New Guinea Highland languages and the distribution of their typological features.’ American Anthropologist 66(4) Part 2 (Special Publication):77-97.

            A comparative analysis of the relatedness of Highlands languages, including Huli.

Wurm, Stephen A. 1964b. Phonological Diversification in Australian New Guinea Highlands Languages. Linguistic Circle of Canberra Publications, B-2. Canberra: Linguistic Circle of Canberra Publications.

            An exercise in comparative phonology, covering Huli data.

Wurm, Stephen A. 1971. ‘The Papuan linguistic situation.’ In T.A.Seboek (ed.) Linguistics in Oceania. Current Trends in Linguistics 8. The Hague: Mouton, pp.541-657.

            Numerous references to Huli language.

Wurm, Stephen A., C.L.Voorhoeve and Don C.Laycock 1981. ‘Southern Highlands Province, with Enga, Western, Gulf and Sepik Provinces (Papua New Guinea).’ In Stephen A.Wurm and S.Hattori (eds.) Language Atlas of the Pacific Area. Pacific Linguistics C-66. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities in collaboration with the Japan Academy, Map 11.

            Map showing the distribution of Huli language-speakers and of neighbouring languages.


Yagamindi, Joe K. 1989. ‘Legend about ancient ancestors – an origin story: the Kumia tribe.’ UPNG student paper. Ts. 37pp.. Held NGC.

            An account of the origins of a clan from the Mogoropugua area.

Yamauchi, Taro 1998. Change and Diversity of Energy and Behavioral Adaptation of the Huli-Speaking Population: a comparative study of the village and town-dwellers and the migrants in urban settlements. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo. 63 pp.

            Presents and analyses data on energy expenditure of Huli from Haeapugua Basin and the Paijaka Plateau.

Yamauchi, Taro, Masahiro Umezaki and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2001. ‘Physical activity and subsistence pattern of the Huli, a Papua New Guinea Highland population.’ American Journal of Physical Anthropology 114(3): 258-268.

Yamauchi, Taro 2001. ‘Impact of microenvironment on food security and nutritional adaptation in the Tari Basin.’ In R.M. Bourke, M.G. Allen and J.G. Salisbury (eds) Food Security for Papua New Guinea. Canberra: ACIAR, pp. 443-450.

Yamauchi, Taro 2007. ‘Modernization, nutritional adaptability and health on Papua New Guinea highlander and Solomon Islanders.’ In Ryutaro Otsuka and Stanley J. Ulijaszek (eds) Health Change in the Asia-Pacific Region: biocultural and epidemiological approaches. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 101-126.

Yamauchi, Taro and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2003. ‘Nutritional adaptation of women in contrasting agricultural environments in Tari, Papua New GuineaHealth and Environment in the Tari Area.’ In Allen and Vail (eds) Papua New Guinea Medical Journal, March-June 2002 [2003], 45(1/2): 99-105.

Yamauchi, Taro, Masahiro Umezaki and Ryutaro Ohtsuka 2000. ‘Energy expenditure, physical exertion and time allocation among Huli-speaking people in the Papua New Guinea Highlands.’ Annals of Human Biology 27(6): 571-585.

Yamauchi, Taro, M. Umezaki and Ryutaro Ohtsuka in press (2001?). ‘Influence of urbanisation on physical activity and dietary changes in Huli-speaking population: a comparative study of village dwellers and migrants in urban settlements.’ British Journal of Nutrition 85: 65-73.

Yelland, Lloyd C. 1955. ‘Tari sub-district patrols; numbers 1, 2 and 3 from January to June, 1954.’ Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 1(1):29-32.

            A brief report on the results of three medical patrols around the Tari district.

Yugari, James 2004. ‘A biblical critique of Helahuli Church leadership.’ Melanesian Journal of Theology 20(1): 6-42.


Zehnder, John and Bertram Jones 1954a. ‘The lost world called Shangri-la: one white man has seen it; to the 3000 natives he was like a man from Mars…’ The Courier-Mail, Brisbane, 20 September 1954, p.2.

            Zehnder’s account of his “discovery” of the Lebani valley.

Zehnder, John and Bertram Jones 1954b. ‘Into the lost world: they are all so happy in Shangri-la.’ The Courier-Mail, Brisbane, 21 September 1954 p.2.

            Second part of Zehnder’s account of his “discovery” of the Lebani valley.

Sound recordings:

Music of the Huli. 1986. Recorded by Jacqueline Pugh-Kitingan and Bronwyn Peters. Barenreiter-Musicaphon BM 30 SL 2703. Disc. [From: Barenreiter-Musicaphon, Barenreiter-Verlag, Disco-Center, Postfach 10 1029, D-3500 Kassel, Germany] [Held NL]

Musiques de Papouasie Nouvelle Guinee / Music of Papua New Guinea. 1993. Recorded by Manuel Gomes and Murielle Mignon. Musique du Monde / Music from the World. Paris: Buda Records.

            Music recorded in the Karida area.

Papua New Guinea: Huli (Highlands). 1999. Recorded by Charles Duvelle. Prophet 03. Paris: Kora Sons (Philips).

            Music recorded at Hedemali.

Danielle 2021. Inaka Hamene.


Donovan, Vincent 1980. Reaching for the Rainbow. Sentinel Series. Canberra: Department of Defence. Produced, scripted, edited and directed by Vincent Donovan. Photography by Phil Hobson.

            Video on the work of Australian Army engineer road builders in the Southern Highlands Province.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979a. The Mourning of Wandipa. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979b. Kebanda. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979c. Ogoanda. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979d. Nogo golo. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979e. Ega kamia hangaga. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Frankel, Stephen J. 1979f. Tawa timu duguaga. IPNGS, Port Moresby.

Gaisseau, Pierre D. n.d. Unedited footage of tege pulu performance and gardening from Tari basin.

Lomas, Gabriel 1976. Among the Huli. Roman Catholic Capuchin Mission.

Parer, Damien 1981. Voices in the Forest. Natural History Unit, Australian National Broadcasting Commission.

            Footage of Huli people and iba tiri ritual performances at Yaluba.

Taylor, James L. 1938. Unedited footage, in colour and in black and white, of the 1938 Taylor/Black patrol.

Williams, Maslyn 1958. New Guinea Patrol. Directed by Peter Dimond, Commonwealth Film Unit. 16 mm. colour, sound. 45 min.

            Held at the National Library, Canberra [A1 0007296].